The son of immigrant scientists from Russia, Peter Brook was born in London in 1925.
Throughout the decades of his artistic practice, Brook ventured into theatre, opera and film directing, where he had an important impact and was regarded as "the greatest living theatre director" according to The Independent.
He launched his career in England working at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Royal Opera House and the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) where he directed Marat/Sade, which was later on presented on Broadway and awarded the Tony Award for Best Play (1965) with Brook also being named Best Director.
During the same period, he also directed a number of films with the most iconic of which being Lord of the Flies (1963).
Brook settled in France in early 1970s where he continued working in theatre. He founded the International Centre of Theatre Research which generated an international theatre company that focused on non-verbal dramatic forms, such as mime, circus skills and dance techniques. In 1974, the company found its own home at the Bouffes du Nord in Paris.
The company's productions explored sound and movement and were staged internationally. The works such as Ubu aux Bouffes, The Conference of the Birds, and The Mahabharata are considered among Brook's theatrical highlights which toured the globe and were awarded numerous times.
Brook won multiple Emmy Awards, a Laurence Olivier Award, the Japanese Praemium Imperiale and the Prix Italia. In 2021, he was awarded India's Padma Shri.
Brook died in Paris on 2 July 2022, aged 97.
The 29th edition of the Cairo International Festival for Experimental Theatre is scheduled to take place between 1 and 8 September.