Damietta port.(Photo: Al-Ahram )
Egypt has been prioritising cooperation with Nile Basin countries as one of the main pillars of Egypt’s foreign policy.
The Nile Basin countries include Egypt, Burundi, DRCongo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan,Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Since 2013, the country has been leading the naval linkage project to establish a naval route connecting Lake Victoria and the Mediterranean Sea through the Nile River.
Egypt's total value of exports to Nile Basin countries increased by 29.5 percent in 2021 to $1.197 billion compared to 2020, according to CAPMAS.
Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Tanzania made up 95.1 percent of Egypt's exports to Nile Basin countries in diminishing order.
Egypt's exports to Sudan alone made up over half of this value at $827 million.
Exports to Kenya made up nearly a quarter (24.6 percent) at $382 million, and exports to Ethiopia totaled $111 million (7.2 percent).
Egypt’s top exported products to Nile Basin countries were plastics at $214 million, sugar and confectionary at $165 million, and salt, cement, and bricks at $83 million. These products made up 13.8, 10.6, and 5.4 percent of Egypt’s exports to these countries respectively.
Meanwhile, Egypt’s imports from Nile Basin countries increased by 39.4 percent in 2021 to $783 million compared to $562 million in 2020, the statement said.
Sudan, Kenya, the Congo, Uganda, and Ethiopia made up 99.1 percent of Egypt's imports from Nile Basin countries.Sudan made up close to half of that (49.3 percent) at $386 million, followed by Kenya at $255 million (32.6 percent). The remaining fifth was divided between the Congo, Uganda, and Ethiopia with an import value of $111 million (14.2 percent), $16 million (2.1 percent), and $8 million (1.1 percent) respectively.
The most crucial imported products were coffee, tea, spices, live animals, and brass.
Coffee, tea and spice imports from Nile Basin countries amounted to $233 million (29.8 percent), while live animal imports totaled $213 million (27.2 percent), and imports of brass and its products were valued at $111 million (14.2 percent), according to CAPMAS.